Tirol is a federal state of Austria and located in
the Western part of the country between Italy and the Southern part of
After the defeat of Austria in the first world war, Tirol was divided
into two pieces. The Northern and the Eastern part of Tirol stayed in
Austria, and the Southern part was taken by Italy as victory trophy.
The scenery of Tirol is strongly influenced by Alpine mountains. The
highest moutains of Tirol are the Ortler (3905 m), Königspitze (king's
top) in Southern Tirol, the Grossglockner (3798 m) in Eastern Tirol and
the Wildspitze (wild top) in den Ötztaler Alps in Northern Tirol.
The area of Tirol is colonized since more than 10.000 years. The first
culture in Tirol was the mining culture. The oldest metallurgical plant
was found in Brixlegg and dates from the year 4.000 BC. The
exploitation was dominated by copper.
The time before the Roman Empire was called "La-Tene". In that period the
inhabitants of Tirol consists of people who were expelled by Celtic
tribes from their original settlements. Most of those expelled people
were Illyric by origin. In the year 15 BC the first Roman soldiers came
and Tirol was taken by the Roman Empire. Drusus and Tiberius were the
names of the two responsible Roman generals who realized the successful
In the period of the late antiquity (since 476) Tirol belonged to the
Italian empire of the Eastern Gothics. The Italian empire broke down in
500, and Bavarians were coming from the North to settle in Tirol.
Since that time Tirol was a part of the duchy Bayern. In 1363 Tirol
became a part of Austria when the mighty lady "Margarethe von Tirol"
gave her land as a valuable present to Rudolf IV of Habsburg. I have no
idea about the reason of such a generous gift. In that time Tirol has a
very high strategic importance for the Habsburg dynasty.